Developing Country Community Census and Poverty Points System
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Developing Country Community Census and Poverty Points System

The following census questions were developed in order to assess need in the Haitian refugee population of Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic, as well as to rank households in order of need from greatest need to least need. This information is very useful for groups truly committed to developing a community, as well as those wishing to allocate resources to a community in a fair and non-political way.

The following census questions were developed in order to assess need in the Haitian refugee population of Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic, as well as to rank households in order of need from greatest need to least need. This information is very useful for groups truly committed to developing a community, as well as those wishing to allocate resources to a community in a fair and non-political way. These questions and the point system explained should be accurate and useful in assessing any impoverished community in the Dominican Republic and Haiti. The questions are also likely an accurate base for creating a similar census to be used anywhere in the developing world.

One should be sure to read “How to Assess Need in a Developing Country” before conducting the census. In order to conduct the census, print the questions on a sheet of paper and make as many copies as necessary. Here are the questions in English, Spanish, and Haitian Creole.

Census Questions in English

Name of Community: _______________________________

Person responsible over the household: _______________________________

Nationality: ____________________________

No. of household members: _______________

List all household members, including the head of household, their ages, relationships to the head of household, and occupations.

1. Is the house owned or rented?

2. How long has this person been in the community?

3. In this house?

4. If the household is Haitian, do you have passports or Dominican residency?

5. Explanation of house (wood or block, roof, no. of rooms, square meters, apartment or house, no. of stories)

6. What water do you bathe with? (tap, river, gallon)

7. What water do you drink?

8. Does your house have a functioning toilet? Outhouse?

9. Does your house have a shower? Indoor/outdoor?

10. Does every household member sleep on a mattress? Some on the floor?

11. What type of stove do you use? (charcoal, gas, or electric)

12. What do you do for trash removal? (bag and have it picked up by a trash truck, burn, throw in the river or woods, etc.)

13. Does your household have a garden or livestock from which you are able to create your own food products?

14. How much money does your household earn in a week?

15. What is your household’s main source of income?

16. Other info: ___________________________

Census Questions in Spanish

Nombre de la comunidad: _______________________________

Persona que es responsable para la casa: _______________________________

Nacionalidad: ____________________________

Cantidad de personas que viven en la casa: _______________

Anota todas las personas que viven en la casa, incluyendo la persona que es responsable, sus edades, la relación de cada persona con la persona que es responsible, y sus trabajos que hacen.

1. La casa es la propiedad de ustedes o es alquilada?

2. Cuanto tiempo tienen en la comunidad?

3. Siempre han vivido en esta casa desde entró en la comunidad?

4. Si las personas que viven en la casa son haitianos, tienen pasaportes o cedulas?

5. Explicación de la casa (madera o bloque, como es el techo, cantidad de habitaciones, metros cuadrados, es un apartamento o casa, cantidad de pisos)

6. Con cual agua se bañan? (de la llave, río, o purificado en galones)

7. Cual agua beben ustedes?

8. Tiene su casa un inodoro que funciono? Si no, tienen un inodoro afuera?

9. Tiene su casa una ducha? Es al dentro o afuera de la casa?

10. Todas las personas que viven en la casa duermen sobre camas o colchones? Cuantos son que duermen en el suelo?

11. Cual tipo de estufa usan ustedes? (carbono, própano, or electricidad)

12. Que usan para sacar la basura? (la ponen en fundas y una camión la busca, la queman, la tiran en el río o el bosque, etc.)

13. Tiene su casa un jardín o animales que usan para producir su propia comida?

14. Cuanto dinero gana todos en su casa en una semana?

15. Que es el fuente de dinero mayor en su casa?

16. Otra información

Census Questions in Haitian Creole

Non de kominote a: _______________________________

Non moun ki reskonsab kay la: _______________________________

Nasyonalite: ____________________________

Kantite de moun ki rete nan kay la: _______________

Fè yon lis avek non tout moun nan kay, sa ki reskonsab landan, avèk laj yo tout, relasyon chak moun gen avek sa ki reskonsab kay la, avèk ki travay yo chak fè.

Non

Laj

Relasyon

Travay

1. Eske kay la se kay pa'w ou byen lwe ou lwe li?

2. Konbyen tan ou gen nan kominote a?

3. Eske se nan kay sa ou te rete depi ou te vini?

4. Si moun nan kay se ayisyen, eske nou gen paspo ou byen residans?

5. Explike kay la (bwa ou byen blok, avèk ki sa tèt kay la fèt, kantite de cham ki genyen, konbyen mèt kare, eske se yon apatman ou byen kay, avek konbyen etaj)

6. Avèk ki dlo nou benyen? (tiyo, larivye, ou byen dlo nan galon ki te pirifye)

7. Ki dlo nou bwe?

8. Eske kay ou gen yon twalet ki fonksyone? Eske li gen yon latrin deyo?

9. Eske kay ou gen yon douch? Si ou di wi, eske li landan ou byen deyo kay la?

10. Eske tout moun nan kay la domi sou yon kabann ou byen matla? Konbyen moun ki domi a tè?

11. Ki jan de recho nou sèvi? (chabon, gaz, ou byen kourn)

12. Ki sa nou fè pou retire fatra? (mete li nan sachè epi kite li pou kamyon pran li, boule li, voye li nan larivyè ou byen nan raje, etc.)

13. Eske kay ou gen yon jaden ou byen eske nou gen bèt nou sèvi pou fè manje pou nou manje?

14. Konbyen kob kay ou ansanm genyen chak semenn?

15. Ki sa ki pi gro sous kob pou moun nan kay ou?

16. Lot enfomasyon

Recording and Analyzing Census Results

In order to organize and analyze the results, create an excel spreadsheet giving each household a row or as many rows necessary, depending on the amount of household members, and give each question a column. Record all information from all households in the community in one spreadsheet. Then make columns for calculating poverty points to the right of the information. For example, if your column for number of rooms is column F, you will have a corresponding column for calculating poverty points awarded due to the number of rooms in each house. Perhaps your column for calculating these points could be, say, column AF. Following the poverty points explained, you would enter =2/F2. You can do it this way or all by hand. Using an excel sheet does make it quicker.

Poverty Points Key

Number of Household Members - Award 1 point per member.

Number of Rooms – Calculate points by dividing 2 by the number of rooms in the house. For example, a house that has 4 rooms would receive 0.5 points in this section. A one room house would receive 2 points.

Bathing Water – Award one point if the family bathes with river water.

Drinking Water – Award one point if the family drinks anything other than purified water.

Toilet – Award two points if the house does not have a toilet at all. Award one point if there is no indoor toilet but just an outhouse.

Shower – Award two points if the house does not have a shower at all. Award one point if there is no indoor shower, but just an outdoor shower.

Mattresses – Award 0.25 points for each household member that sleeps on the floor.

Stove – Award one point if the household only uses a charcoal stove.

After awarding the points, total up the poverty points for each household. Higher amounts of points indicates more severe poverty. Rank the families in the community according to how many points they scored and use this information when allocating resources based on need.

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Comments (1)

Nice share! Thanks for posting this information.

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